Guide to Forming a Corporation in Alabama

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Updated December 20, 2022

Should you form your corporation in Alabama? We’ve collected the relevant information that will help you make this decision.

Pros

  • Simplified periodic reporting

  • Low cost of living

  • Low cost of doing business

Cons

  • Disclosure required in original filing

  • 6.5% state taxes

  • Among "Worst States for Business" (Forbes 2016)

Cost of doing business

  • $195 filing fee / $0 periodic statement

Privacy

  • Owner is disclosed in original filing

Forming your corporation in Alabama

The name  In order to communicate to the public that your new business is incorporated, its official name will need to end with one of the following signifiers (or a relevant abbreviation): “incorporated”, “Company”, or “corporation.” In addition, it is required that the name of your business is not intentionally misleading to consumers, for any reason. Your company’s new name must also be completely unique, and not deceptively similar to any other organizations name or trademarks. Do a FREE name search now.

Board of directors requirements You will need to form an official board of directors when incorporating in Alabama. Here are the states' explicit regulations regarding these directors:

  • Required number of directors

    Alabama corporations must have at least one director listed in their incorporation documents.

  • Age restrictions

    Directors of corporations located in Alabama must be at least 19 years of age.

  • Residence restrictions

    There are no residence restrictions imposed on the directors of C corporations in Alabama. However, S corporations are only allowed to have directors located in the United States.

  • What information needs to be included in the Articles of Incorporation?

    Alabama requires the names and addresses of each director to be disclosed in their incorporation documents.

Requirements for the Articles of Incorporation

The Articles of Incorporation is a document that must be filed during the incorporation process in every state. Here is the information that must be included in this document when filing in Alabama:

Stock information Alabama requires the number of initial shares outstanding, and their par value, to be disclosed during the incorporation process. The number of outstanding shares does not affect initial state filing fees.

Officer information The state of Alabama does not require officer information to be disclosed during the filing process.

Registered agent information All Alabama corporations must have a registered agent on file, and submit their name and address (which cannot be a PO box). This agent will be required to be accessible during standard business hours and act as the state’s point of contact with the company. Learn more about Registered Agents in Alabama.

Additional Alabama filing requirements

Many states have steps in the incorporation process that are unique to that state. These can also vary at the municipality or county level as well. Here are the typical steps required throughout all of Alabama:

County-level formalities Some counties in Alabama require county level filing.  

Initial report deadlines All corporations in Alabama must file a set of initial report documents within 2½ months of incorporating. These documents should be filed with the state’s Department of Revenue and include an initial Business Privilege Tax Return and annual report. Learn more about Initial Reports.

If your business is a professional practice Professional service corporations are permitted to form under the professional corporation (PC) structure.

Corporate record keeping requirements

Corporations are required to keep formal documentation regarding several of their operations. These are the explicit record keeping formalities required by Alabama:

  • A copy of the Articles of Incorporation, bylaws, and their amendments

  • Records that detail the owners and class of all outstanding stock shares

  • The address and names of all officers, directors, and shareholders

  • Meeting minutes for all shareholder and director meetings

  • A copy of all written communications with shareholders within the previous three years

  • A copy of the corporation’s most recent annual report

  • Formal documentation of all director and shareholder decisions, regardless of if they were made during a meeting or not.

Alabama corporate taxation and fee requirements

There are several tax and fee requirements that must be addressed by corporations in Alabama. They are as follows:

Taxation All states have complex taxation requirements. For more information regarding taxes in Alabama, it is advised that you visit the state’s official business related website.

Annual report requirements Corporations in Alabama are required to file three documents each year called the Business Privilege Tax Return, Annual Report, and Schedule AL-CAR during the first 2½ months of the business’s fiscal year. Learn more about annual reports.

Tax identification numbers Alabama requires an EIN (employee identification number) for all corporations that will have employees, and most banks will require one to open accounts. Alabama does not require corporations to obtain state tax ID numbers. Learn more about EINs

Business license requirements

The business licenses and permits required in Alabama vary wildly depending on the county or municipality in which your new corporation is located. If you would like to see more in-depth information on licenses and permits, please feel free to visit the content in our learning library that covers these topics. Learn more about business license requirements and permits.

Need an Alabama LLC instead? Click here.

Originally published on December 20, 2022, and last edited on December 20, 2022.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Looking for answers? You came to the right place. Read the FAQ or contact our team for more information.

How much does it cost to form a Corporation or LLC?

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After completing my order, will I have to pay additional fees to your company?

Orders are processed as they are received. However, clients that select Express Processing or Same Day Processing will have their orders processed before Standard Processing orders.

When will my order be processed?

Orders are processed as they are received. However, clients that select Express Processing or Same Day Processing will have their orders processed before Standard Processing orders.

How long does the incorporation process take?

Orders are processed as they are received. However, clients that select Express Processing or Same Day Processing will have their orders processed before Standard Processing orders.

How do I open a company bank account?

Orders are processed as they are received. However, clients that select Express Processing or Same Day Processing will have their orders processed before Standard Processing orders.

What is an Operating Agreement and do I need one?

Orders are processed as they are received. However, clients that select Express Processing or Same Day Processing will have their orders processed before Standard Processing orders.

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