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How to Start an LLC in Florida: The Ultimate Guide

Follow our free guide on how to start an LLC in Florida

Starting an LLC in Florida is a process with multiple steps. Our comprehensive guide is divided into two main phases, detailing every part of the Florida LLC formation journey.
 

Phase 1: How to start an LLC in Florida

Forming an LLC in Florida may seem like a complex process, but you will find it's fairly easy when you know the correct steps to take:

  1. Name your LLC
  2. Establish Ownership of your LLC
  3. Decide on a Registered Agent
  4. File the Articles of Organization
  5. Create your Operating Agreement
  6. Register for an EIN
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1. Name Your Florida LLC

Before you register an LLC in Florida, you need to name your business. There are a few state and federal regulations and restrictions concerning business names.

Tip: Use a free business name search tool to ensure your company’s desired name is available.

Business Name Guidelines

  • The official name of your business must end with: Limited Liability Company, Limited Company, LLC, or L.L.C.
  • Your business name cannot be intentionally misleading to consumers
  • The name of your new LLC must not be similar to another organization’s name/trademark

Restrictions

  • “Lottery” and “Bank” are ineligible for use (any state)
  • Terms that represent educational or Veterans’ organizations are restricted
  • Terms related to the Armed Forces or civil servants (police, EMT, fire)

LLC business names associated with government and/or financial entities are not always restricted - it depends on the state. Additional paperwork may be required.

URL Availability

Create an online presence for your Florida LLC by selecting a domain name for the website. You can check domain name availability through many online web service sites.

2. Establish Ownership

The owners of an LLC are known as members and managers. All LLCs will have members, but only some LLCs also have managers —  the difference depends on the business's management structure.

LLC Management Structures:

  • Member-managed: All members handle the operating and decision-making for the LLC
  • Manager-managed: An appointed manager oversees the daily operations of the LLC and the members are not actively involved.

Florida LLC Member Guidelines:

Required Number of Members
There must be at least one member or manager to form an LLC in Florida.

Member Disclosure Requirements
You must include all managers and members of the LLC in the Articles of
Organization/Certificate of Formation.

Age Restrictions
LLC members in Florida may be of any age.

Residence Restrictions
There are no residency restrictions imposed on LLC members in Florida.
 

3. Find a Registered Agent in Florida

You must select a registered agent when creating an LLC in Florida. In fact, your business cannot be official unless you meet this requirement.

What is a registered agent?

A registered agent is a person or business in charge of receiving all official government notices (including the Secretary of State) and service of process notices on behalf of the LLC.

Why do you need a registered agent?

Florida law requires you to appoint a registered agent so that the state government has a consistent contact person for your LLC.

What are the main requirements for a registered agent?

  • The registered agent must have a physical address — not a P.O. Box
  • The registered agent must be available during business hours

Who can be a registered agent in Florida?

  • A Florida resident with a physical address
  • An LLC or corporation that is licensed to conduct business in Florida

Can I be my own registered agent for my business?

You can legally be your own registered agent as long as you have a physical address in Florida.

Is being my own registered agent discouraged?

Since the registered agent’s name and address are publicly listed, LLC business owners who choose to be their own registered agent risk compromising their personal information.

Tip: Avoid the hassles and choose Swyft Filings' registered agent services to fill the registered agent needs for small businesses in Florida.
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4. File the Articles of Organization

Filing the Articles of Organization with the Secretary of State is the most necessary step when getting an LLC in Florida.

What is the Articles of Organization?

The Articles of Organization is a legally binding document that officially and legally creates your LLC when the document is filed with the state government.

Why do I need the Articles of Organization?

Your Florida LLC cannot be a legally recognized business without filing this document. Consider the Articles of Organization as part of your LLC’s foundation.

What information is included in the Articles of Organization?

  • The name and address of the LLC
  • The name and location of the registered agent
  • The name of the members/managers of the LLC
  • The effective date of LLC formation

Please Note: The registered agent must sign the Articles of Organization.
 

Additional Florida Filing Requirements — Professional Service Businesses

Florida also allows professional service businesses to form an LLC or corporation. There are not any particular regulations concerning the naming of the business.

The following professions are allowed to form a PLLC:

  • Accountants
  • Attorneys
  • Physicians and Medical Professionals
  • Professional Counselors and Psychologists
  • Architects and Engineers
  • Veterinarians
  • Social Workers

A few points to consider:

  • All members of the LLC must be licensed in the profession of the business.
  • The LLC is only allowed to provide services for which the business was formed.
  • The members are still subject to whichever licensing boards govern the LLC’s profession.
     

5. Create an LLC Operating Agreement

An LLC Operating Agreement is a valuable document for your Florida LLC formation. Even though it is not required by law, it is still necessary for the continued success of your business.

What is an LLC Operating Agreement?

The LLC Operating Agreement is a legal document that identifies operating procedures by detailing the roles of each member/manager and laying out the details of their responsibilities and voting rights.

Why do I need an LLC Operating Agreement?

The LLC Operating Agreement is needed because it creates a structure for the business by defining the roles of the members and providing direction for the LLC’s operations. By having a plan laid out, the agreement also reduces the likelihood of disputes and lawsuits in the future.

Do I need to file the LLC Operating Agreement?

You do not need to file the Operating Agreement with the state; it is for the benefit of your LLC and remains in-house.

What goes into an LLC Operating Agreement?

There is no rule for the set-up of your LLC Operating Agreement; however, most documents include the following information:

  • List of the members/managers and their roles
  • Designation of authority in the LLC
  • Initial capital contributions of the members
  • Voting designations and percentages of the members
  • Member transfer/addition rules and restrictions
  • Distribution of profits
  • Meeting schedule

Tip: Get a customized LLC Operating Agreement for your small business with Swyft Filings. Add structure to your LLC now.
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6. Register for an EIN

Most Florida businesses must register for an EIN. Your Florida LLC will not be able to conduct business without this ID.

What is an EIN?

The EIN (Employer Identification Number) is a nine-digit number that is assigned to your business by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). The EIN identifies your business with the government similar to a personal Social Security number.

Are all businesses required to have an EIN?

Federal law dictates that certain types of business entities register for an EIN:

  • Any business with employees (even if owned by one person)
  • Any business with more than one member
  • A partnership (LLC or C-corp)

Please Note: A sole proprietorship is not required to have an EIN, but it is still recommended.

Why does my LLC business need an EIN?

The more common reasons you would need an EIN are:

  • To hire employees
  • To open a bank account in the U.S.
  • To file your company’s taxes
  • To pay independent contractors

In short, if you make money through your business and hire employees, you must have an EIN.

Is the EIN publicly listed?

The EIN for your LLC will be part of public record.

Can I use my Social Security Number as the EIN?

If you are a sole proprietorship who wants an EIN for your business, you can elect to use your social security number; however, your EIN is part of public record.

Swyft Filings offers EIN/Tax ID services for small businesses in Florida.
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Phase 2: Maintaining Your Florida LLC

Once the first phase of your Florida LLC filing is complete, the next part of the process involves steps to get your business ready for operation.

  1. Register for the necessary taxes in Florida
  2. Apply for the required permits and licenses
  3. File the Annual Report for your LLC
  4. Request a Certificate of Good Standing

1. Register for Florida State Taxes

Florida is very tax-friendly for LLC businesses:

  • No corporate tax
  • No franchise /gross receipts tax
  • No state income tax

LLC members are only required to pay federal income taxes on their earnings. Members may also be subject to a federal self-employment tax of 15.3%.

Corporate Tax Information
You can also choose to have your LLC taxed as a corporation; if so you will be responsible for paying the corporate income tax rate of 5.5% on your business’s net income.

Additional Tax Information

Other taxes your LLC may need to pay:

  • Sales Tax at 6%
  • Employee Withholding Tax
  • Unemployment Tax
     

2. Obtain Business Licenses and Permits

The licenses and permits required when setting up an LLC in Florida can vary, depending on some variables:

  • Location (city and county)
  • Type of Business
  • Industry

Tip: If you would like to see more in-depth information on licenses and permits, please feel free to visit our  business licenses research package page.
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3. File an Annual Report

All businesses formed in Florida must file an annual report with the Secretary of State.

What is an annual report?

An annual report is a legal form that is designed to keep your business’s information current with the state and is filed with the Secretary of State periodically.

What kind of information is in the annual report?

The information requested in the annual report is similar to the Articles of Organization:

  • The name and address of the business
  • The name and address of the registered agent
  • The names of the members
  • The business’s EIN

Is the annual report part of public record?

Your LLC’s annual report is a matter of public record.

Fees and Due Date

Fee: $139
Due Date: May 1
Implications of Late Filings: $400 late fee

Swyft Filings helps you stay compliant by providing stress-free solutions. Use our annual report service today.
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4. Request a Certificate of Good Standing

The last step in your Florida LLC registration is requesting a Certificate of Good Standing.

What is a Certificate of Good Standing?

The Certificate of Good Standing is a state-verified notification that confirms your newly formed business is legal and in compliance with all state regulations.

Who issues the Certificate of Good Standing?

The Secretary of State generally issues the Certificate of Good Standing.

When can I request a Certificate of Good Standing for my business?

You can submit a request for a Certificate of Good Standing after your LLC is officially formed through the Secretary of State.

Why do I need a Certificate of Good Standing?

Many businesses and financial institutions want proof that your LLC is in good standing with the state government. Your business may even lose out on business deals without this certification.

Additionally, some states require a Certificate of Good Standing before a business can apply for Foreign Qualification.

Does the Certificate of Good Standing have an expiration date?

The Certificate of Good Standing does not expire/does not need to be renewed.

Swyft Filings can create a Certificate of Good Standing for your Florida LLC.
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How to form a Florida LLC: Summary

At first glance, the LLC Florida requirements can seem like a complex process. But, you can easily learn how to create an LLC in Florida by breaking down the correct steps.

  1. Name your LLC
  2. Establish Ownership of your LLC
  3. Decide on a Registered Agent
  4. File the Articles of Organization
  5. Create your Operating Agreement
  6. Register for an EIN
  7. Register for the necessary taxes in Florida
  8. Apply for the required permits and licenses
  9. File the Annual Report for your LLC
  10. Request a Certificate of Good Standing

Creating an LLC in Florida: Pros and Cons

Pros

Large and Diverse Population Base
As the third largest state in the nation, Florida offers a potential customer base of 21 million residents, with more people coming every year. In fact, Florida’s recent growth rate of 1.56% exceeds both Texas and California.

No Corporate or Franchise Taxes
Florida does not impose any corporate or franchise tax on LLCs. The only taxes owed on the LLC’s revenue is the personal income tax paid by the members.

Among the Top States for New Businesses
Florida consistently ranks in the top ten states for starting a business—low unemployment, low taxes, numerous tax deductions for businesses, and a stable overall economy are the chief contributing factors.

Cons

Less Privacy for Owners
Florida is among the states that require full disclosure of an LLC’s members in the incorporation paperwork.

Rising Crime Rate
In both violent and property crimes, Florida’s statistics are higher than the national average. According to recent reports, the percentage of violent crimes tops the U.S. average by 16%; crimes against properties is only slightly higher (4%).
 

LLC Cost of Doing Business

  • $125 Filing Fee/ $139 Annual Report
  • No Corporate or Franchise Taxes
     

How Long Does it Take to Form an LLC in Florida?

The length of the formation process depends on each state's unique processing times. Typically, it takes 7 to 10 days to form an LLC in Florida. You can usually request expedited processing for an additional fee to help ensure your application is reviewed before others.

How to Open an LLC in Florida: Key Takeaways

From choosing your name to filing an annual report, there are a lot of steps to remember on how to form an LLC in Florida. Keep this handy guide in mind and, when you're ready, let Swyft Filings do the paperwork for you. For more information on our business filing services, click here.

How to Get an LLC in Florida: Related Resources

Guide for Other States

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